Withdrawal Agreement Votes
The Withdrawal Agreement, which comprises 599 pages, has the following priorities: The third vote on the Withdrawal Agreement could then take place on 29 March 2019.  May promised to resign as prime minister if the withdrawal agreement was passed.  In the end, May`s deal was rejected again, albeit by a smaller margin than in the previous two votes.  Two amendments were adopted. The Brady Amendment called on the government to renegotiate the Northern Ireland backstop. It passed by 16 votes, supported by the Conservatives and the DUP against other parties in the House of Commons, but with 7 Labour MPs supporting it and 8 Conservative MPs voting against it. The Spelman-Dromey amendment explained the House of Commons` desire to avoid a no-deal Brexit. It was passed by 8 votes, supported by all parties except the Conservatives and the DUP, but with the support of 17 Conservative MPs. An amendment that was supposed to pave the way for binding legislation that would prevent No Deal, the Cooper-Boles amendment, failed by 23 votes. Three other amendments also failed.   The main motion (as amended) was then adopted without division.
MEPs voted on the government`s withdrawal agreement at second reading. With Boris Johnson`s majority of 80, the bill passed with 358 votes in favour and 234 against with a comfortable majority. As expected, there were no significant changes in the positions of the political parties, the government was defeated in the vote on 15 January by 432 votes to 202. The defeat of 230 votes was the worst for a government in modern parliamentary history.  196 Conservative MPs, 3 Labour MPs and 3 independent MPs supported the deal. The agreement was rejected by 118 Conservative MPs, 248 Labour MPs, the 35 SNP MPs, the 11 Liberal Democrat MPs, the 10 DUP MPs, the 4 MPs from Plaid Cymru, the only Green MP and 5 independent MPs.  The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Convention establishing the Statute for the European Schools. with the United Kingdom, bound by the Convention and the accompanying regulations on accredited European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. until the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  Theresa May – Boris Johnson`s predecessor in Downing Street – repeatedly failed to get her Brexit deal passed by MPs, leading to her resignation as prime minister. The transitional period, which begins on 1 February, expires at the end of December 2020.
Any agreement on the future relationship between the EU and the UK must be fully concluded before that date if it is to enter into force on 1 January 2021. Following the success of the First Letwin Amendment, indicative votes were held on 27 March on Parliament`s preferred options for Brexit. Eight proposals were voted on, eight of which failed. The success of Grieve`s amendment (adopted by 321 votes to 299) means that MEPs can now amend this amendment, giving them much more weight over the UK`s withdrawal from the EU.  The programme proposal was adopted by 353 votes to 243. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text.  The government rejected the Lords` proposal, which would give the House of Commons the power to decide the next steps for the government if the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected by Parliament.  Later in the day, on questions from the Prime Minister, Conservative MP Anna Soubry called on May to accept Grieve`s amendment: „The Prime Minister says she wants a meaningful vote on Brexit before we leave the European Union.
Will she be so good even at this last moment that she will have my right honourable. and did he learn of Amendment No 7 from Friend [Grieve], in a spirit of unity for all here and in the country?  May rejected the idea, saying, „We have been very clear that we will not start any legal instrument until this meaningful vote has taken place, but as it currently stands [Grieve`s draft], as the amendment says, we should not introduce any of these agreements and legal instruments until the Withdrawal Agreement and the Implementing Act have reached the Code. This could be at a very late stage in the process, which could mean that we are not in a position to achieve the orderly and smooth exit from the European Union that we want.  This protocol also contains a unilateral withdrawal mechanism for Northern Ireland: the Northern Ireland Assembly will vote every four years on the continuation of these agreements, which requires a simple majority. These votes will take place two months before the end of each four-year period, with the first period starting at the end of December 2020 (when the transition period is expected to end).  If the Assembly is suspended at that time, arrangements will be made for Members to vote. If the Assembly expresses inter-community support in one of these ordinary votes, the Minutes shall apply for the next eight years instead of the usual four years.  However, if the Assembly votes against the continuation of these agreements, the UK and the EU have two years to approve new agreements.   On June 18, Lord Hailsham`s amendment was passed by the Lords, a defeat for the government by 354 votes to 235: a majority of 119.   In her February 12 statement, the Prime Minister reaffirmed her goal of holding a second „meaningful vote” on a withdrawal agreement. She stressed that if this is not achieved by February 26, the government will submit to Parliament a new statement on the government`s progress and submit an amendable motion to this statement, which will be put to the vote on February 27. On 21 October, the government published the withdrawal agreement and offered three days of debate to opposition MPs for their consideration.
 The government introduced the recently revised EU Withdrawal Act in the House of Commons for debate on the evening of October 22, 2019.  MPs voted in favour of a second reading of the bill, which passed by 329 votes to 299, and the timing of debate on the bill, which was rejected by 322 votes to 308. Before the votes, Johnson had said that if his timetable did not generate the necessary support for its passage in parliament, he would abandon attempts to approve the deal and seek to hold a general election. After the vote, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended during consultation with other EU leaders.   In December 2017, pressure increased on the government to amend Term 9 so that Parliament could approve the final terms of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement by December 29, 2017. March 2019, date of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU. Conservative MP Dominic Grieve advised the government to amend the clause itself, otherwise it would table its own amendment to the bill.  Grieve duly tabled his amendment to the bill (amendment 7), according to which any Brexit deal must be implemented by law and not by government mandate.  The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially an agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK), signed on 24 January 2020, which sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. .